• Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size
Home

GlossaryPopup

Base-case 'Base-case' is a "conscious abstraction of reality"; it represents the current average European product for a specific product category.
Best Available Technology (BAT)
'BAT' is a technology already available on the market, or at least whose feasibility has already been demonstrated in minimising environmental impacts and is expected to be introduced within 1 to 3 years. It helps in defining medium-term ecodesign targets.
Best Not Yet Available Technology (BNAT)
'BNAT' refers to technology, which has the potential to lead to further (environmental) performance improvements, but is still under research and development and can be considered as a future option / trend. It helps in identifying long-term ecodesign options.
Bill of Materials (BOM) 
The 'Bill of Materials' of a product is the complete materials inventory of a product. It could be based on a material classification as in the EcoReport tool.
CE marking
The 'CE marking' symbolises the conformity of the product with the applicable Community requirements imposed on the manufacturer. The CE marking affixed to products is a declaration by the person responsible that: the product conforms to all applicable Community provisions, and the  appropriate conformity assessment procedures have been completed.
Consultation Forum
The 'Consultation Forum' is a meeting organised by the European Commission, in the ecodesign process, where the first working document of an ecodesign regulation is presented. Its objective it to ensure a balanced participation of all stakeholders concerned with the product/product group in question: Member States' representatives, industry (including SMEs), trade unions, traders, retailers, importers, environmental protection groups, and consumer organisations. These parties can contribute, in particular, to defining and reviewing ecodesign regulation, to examining the effectiveness of the established market surveillance mechanisms, and to assessing voluntary agreements and other self-regulation initiatives. Participants of the Consultation Forum are invited by the European Commission.
Ecodesign Lot
‘Lot’ refers to a specific product group analysed within a Preparatory study under the framework of the Ecodesign Directive.
Ecodesign regulation
‘Ecodesign Regulation’ means regulation adopted pursuant to the Ecodesign Directive laying down ecodesign requirements for specific products or horizontal measuring covering various product groups.
Ecodesign Requirement
‘Ecodesign requirement’ means any requirement in relation to a product, or the design of a product, intended to improve its environmental performance, or any requirement for the supply of information with regard to the environmental aspects of a product.
EcoReport'EcoReport' is a simplified Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) tool used in MEEuP in the context of the Ecodesign Directive. It calculates the environmental impacts caused by a product during different phases of its life-cycle, i.e. production, use, and end-of-life. It needs Bill of Material (BOM), energy consumption data, and economic data as inputs and delivers environmental impact indicators and Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) as outputs. The EcoReport tool is available for download here.
Energy Labelling Directive
Directive 92/75/EEC on the 'Energy Labelling', has the objective of harmonising national measures relating to the publication of information on the consumption of energy and of other essential resources by household appliances, thereby allowing consumers to choose appliances on the basis of their energy efficiency. Currently, it is undergoing through a revision process.
Energy Star Label
The 'European Energy Star Programme' is a voluntary energy labelling programme for office equipment. The Energy Star logo helps consumers identify office equipment products that save them money and help protect the environment by saving energy. it was established under the EU-US Energy Star Agreement for office equipment. It came into force in December 2006 and is valid for a period of five years, i.e. until 2011.
Energy-related Products (ErP)
'Energy-related Products' (ErP) are products which can directly or indirectly affect the energy consumption such as water using devices, building insulation products, windows, etc.
Energy-using Product (EuP)
‘Energy-using product’ or ‘EuP’ means a product which, once placed on the market and/or put into service, is dependent on energy input (electricity, fossil fuels and renewable energy sources) to work as intended, or a product for the generation, transfer and measurement of such energy, including parts dependent on energy input and intended to be incorporated into an EuP covered by the Ecodesign Directive which are placed on the market and/or put into service as individual parts for end-users and of which the environmental performance can be assessed independently.
EU-Ecolabel
The 'EU-Ecolabel' is a voluntary certification scheme aiming at helping European consumers distinguish greener, more environmentally  friendly, products and services (e.g. shoes, textiles, tissue paper, detergents, tourist accommodation services). The EU Eco-label is administered by the European Eco-labelling Board (EUEB) and receives the support of the European Commission, all Member States of the European Union and the European Economic Area (EEA).
Generic Ecodesign Requirement
‘Generic ecodesign requirement’ means any ecodesign requirement based on the ecological profile as a whole of a product without setting limit values for particular environmental aspects.
Impact Assessment
'Impact assessment' (IA) is a process aimed at structuring and supporting the development of policies. It identifies and assesses the problem at stake and the objectives pursued. It identifies the main options for achieving the objective and analyses their likely impacts from economic, environmental and social perspectives. It outlines advantages and disadvantages of each option and examines possible synergies and trade-offs.
Integrated Product Policy (IPP)
'Integrated Product Policy' (IPP) seeks to minimise the environmental impacts of a product, whether from their manufacturing, use or end-of-life, by looking at all phases of a products' life-cycle and taking action where it is most effective.
Inter-service consultation
Phase during which a Directorate-General formally consults other Directorates-General within the Commission.
Life-cycle
‘Life cycle’ means the consecutive and interlinked stages of a product from raw material extraction to final disposal.
Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA)
A 'Life-Cycle Assessment' (LCA) is a compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a product  system throughout its life-cycle.
Life-Cycle Cost (LCC)
'Life Cycle Cost' include all costs related to a product during its whole life cycle, i.e. purchase price, use costs, repair and maintenance costs, and end-of-life costs. The calculation of the LLC of a product according to the MEEuP methodology takes into account its lifetime and the discount rate (interest rate minus inflation rate).
Methodology for Ecodesign of Energy-using Products (MEEuP)
The 'MEEuP' is a common methodology used for performing life-cycle assessment in the context of the Ecodesign Directive. Such assessment comprises the definition of the scope, a market analysis, user behaviour aspects, system analysis, environmental assessment of products, technical analysis of improvement potentials, and policy analysis.  The MEEuP is available for download here.
Preparatory study A 'Preparatory Study' is carried out for a specific product category (Ecodesign Lot) in the context of the Ecodesign Directive and mandated by the Euopean Commission. All Preparatory studies follows the common MEEuP methodology and comprise technical, economical, and environmental impact analyses which provide the technical basis to draft any possible legislation (ecodesign regulations). Preparatory studies are conducted in a transparent manner involving continuous stakeholder participation.
Regulatory Committee The 'Regulatory Committee' is made up of Member States and observers from associated countries. The Regulatory Committee provides its opinion to the Commission on the proposed Ecodesign regulations.
RoHS Directive The 'RoHS Directive' 2002/95/EC aims at restricting the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment and to contribute to the protection of human health and the environmentally sound recovery and disposal of waste electrical and electronic equipment.
Self-regulation initiatives 'Self-regulation initiatives' include voluntary agreements and other measures which can be adopted as alternatives to ecodesign regulations.
SIP-SCP Action Plan The 'Action Plan on Sustainable Industrial Policy (SIP) and on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP)' aims to support the economic competitiveness of the EU industry through improved energy and resource efficiency, as well as an improved capacity to develop appropriate technological solutions.
Specific Ecodesign Requirement ‘Specific ecodesign requirement’ means a quantified and measurable ecodesign requirement relating to a particular environmental aspect of a product, such as energy consumption during use, calculated for a given unit of output performance.
WEEE Directive 'Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive' 2002/96/EC mandates the treatment, recovery and recycling of electric and electronic equipment.
Working document
The 'Working document' is elaborated by the Commission after the preparatory study. It presents draft ecodesign regulations with generic and/or specific ecodesign requirements for discussion during the Consultation Forum.
Working Plan The ecodesign 'working plan' set outs for three years an indicative list of product groups which will be considered as priorities for the adoption of ecodesign regulations. Current working plan is valid for the period 2009-2011.
Last Updated on Monday, 27 April 2009 12:59